Federal Ministry of Justice and Consumer Protection

Federal Ministry of Justice and Consumer Protection
Bundesministerium der Justiz und für Verbraucherschutz (BMJV)
Agency overview
Formed 1 January 1877 as Reichsjustizamt
Jurisdiction Government of Germany
Headquarters Mohrenstraße 37
10117 Berlin
Employees 623
Minister responsible
  • Heiko Maas, Federal Minister of Justice and Consumer Protection
Agency executives
Website http://www.bmj.bund.de

The Federal Ministry of Justice and Consumer Protection (German: Bundesministerium der Justiz und für Verbraucherschutz), abbreviated BMJV, is a cabinet-level ministry of the Federal Republic of Germany. Under the German federal system, individual States are most responsible for the administration of justice and the application of penalties. The Federal Ministry of Justice devotes itself to creating and changing law in the classic core areas related to Constitutional law. The Ministry also analyzes the legality and constitutionality of laws prepared by other ministries. The German Federal Court of Justice, the German Patent and Trade Mark Office (GPTO), and the German Patent Court all fall under its scope. The ministry is officially located in Berlin.[1]

The BMJV was founded on January 1, 1877, as the Imperial Justice Office (Reichsjustizamt). After Germany became a republic in 1919, it was raised to the rank of a federal ministry as the Reichsministerium der Justiz or Reichsjustizministerium. The ministry was formally renamed the Bundesministerium der Justiz in 1949. In several laws predating 1949, the ministry and the minister are however referred to as Reichsministerium der Justiz and Reichsminister der Justiz, respectively. This has gradually been replaced with the new name and title when laws have been amended, most recently in 2010.[2]

List of ministers

The Federal Ministry of Justice in Berlin

State Secretaries for Justice, 1876–1918

Main article: Reichsjustizamt

Ministers of Justice, 1918–1945

Federal Ministers, since 1949

Current Federal Minister of Justice and Consumer Protection Heiko Maas

Political Party:   FDP   DP   CSU   CDU   SPD

Party Term of Office Chancellor
Federal Minister of Justice
Thomas Dehler
FDP 20 September 1949 20 October 1953 Adenauer (I)
Fritz Neumayer
FDP 20 October 1953 16 October 1956 Adenauer (II)
Hans-Joachim von Merkatz
DP 16 October 1956 29 October 1957
Fritz Schäffer
CSU 29 October 1957 14 November 1961 Adenauer (III)
Wolfgang Stammberger
FDP 14 November 1961 19 November 1962 Adenauer (IV)
Ewald Bucher
FDP 14 December 1962 27 March 1965 Adenauer (V)
Erhard (I)
Karl Weber
CDU 1 April 1965 26 October 1965 Erhard (I)
Richard Jaeger
CSU 26 October 1965 30 November 1966 Erhard (II)
Gustav Heinemann
SPD 1 December 1966 26 March 1969 Kiesinger (I)
Horst Ehmke
(b. 1927)
SPD 26 March 1969 21 October 1969 Kiesinger (I)
Gerhard Jahn
SPD 22 October 1969 7 May 1974 Brandt (III)
Hans-Jochen Vogel
(b. 1926)
SPD 16 May 1974 22 January 1981 Schmidt (I • II • III)
Jürgen Schmude
(b. 1936)
SPD 22 January 1981 1 October 1982 Schmidt (III)
Hans A. Engelhard
FDP 4 October 1982 18 January 1991 Kohl (IIIIII)
Klaus Kinkel
(b. 1936)
No party;
FDP (from 1991)
18 January 1991 18 May 1992 Kohl (IV)
Sabine Leutheusser-Schnarrenberger
(b. 1951)
FDP 18 May 1992 17 January 1996 Kohl (IVV)
Edzard Schmidt-Jortzig
(b. 1941)
FDP 17 January 1996 26 October 1998 Kohl (V)
Herta Däubler-Gmelin
(b. 1943)
SPD 27 October 1998 22 October 2002 Schröder (I)
Brigitte Zypries
(b. 1953)
SPD 22 October 2002 28 October 2009 Schröder (II)
Merkel (I)
Sabine Leutheusser-Schnarrenberger
(b. 1951)
FDP 28 October 2009 17 December 2013 Merkel (II)
Federal Minister of Justice and Consumer Protection
Heiko Maas
(b. 1966)
SPD 17 December 2013 Incumbent Merkel (III)

See also


  1. Federal Ministry of Justice http://www.bmj.de/EN/FederalOffice/_node.html Official website] (English) retrieved 1-Jun-2012
  2. BGBL/de

External links

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