List of Special Places of Scenic Beauty, Special Historic Sites and Special Natural Monuments

To protect Japan's cultural heritage, the country's government selects through the Agency for Cultural Affairs important items and designates them as Cultural Properties under the Law for the Protection of Cultural Properties. Designated items are classified in a number of categories, one of which is Monuments (記念物 kinenbutsu). This category includes historic locations such as shell mounds, ancient tombs, sites of palaces, sites of forts or castles, monumental dwelling houses and other sites of high historical or scientific value; gardens, bridges, gorges, mountains, and other places of great scenic beauty; and natural features such as animals, plants, and geological or mineral formations of high scientific value.[1][2]

The government further designates "significant" monuments classifying them in three categories: Historic Sites (史跡 shiseki), Places of Scenic Beauty (名勝 meishō), and Natural Monuments (天然記念物 tennen kinenbutsu). Items of particularly high significance receive higher classifications: Special Historic Sites (特別史跡 tokubetsu shiseki), Special Places of Scenic Beauty (特別名勝 tokubetsu meishō), and Special Natural Monuments (特別天然記念物 tokubetsu tennen kinenbutsu) respectively. As of April 1, 2016 there are 1,021 Natural Monuments, 1,760 Historic Sites, 398 Places of Scenic Beauty, 75 Special Natural Monuments, 36 Special Places of Scenic Beauty and 61 Special Historic Sites. Since a single item can fall under more than one of these categories, the total number of sites is less than the sum of designations.


The Agency for Cultural Affairs designates monuments based on a number of criteria. A monument can be designated based on more than one of these criteria:[3]

Places of Scenic Beauty and Special Places of Scenic Beauty

  1. Parks and gardens (公園、庭園)
  2. Bridges and embankments (橋梁、築堤)
  3. Flowering trees, flowering grass, autumn colors, green trees and other places of dense growth (花樹、花草、紅葉、緑樹などの叢生する場所)
  4. Places inhabited by birds and wild animals, fish/insects and others (鳥獣、魚虫などの棲息する場所)
  5. Rocks, caves (岩石、洞穴)
  6. Ravines, gorges, waterfalls, mountain streams, abysses (峡谷、瀑布、溪流、深淵)
  7. Lakes, marshes, wetlands, floating islands, springs (湖沼、湿原、浮島、湧泉)
  8. Sand dunes, spits, seasides, islands (砂丘、砂嘴、海浜、島嶼)
  9. Volcanoes, onsen (火山、温泉)
  10. Mountains, hills, plateaus, plains, rivers (山岳、丘陵、高原、平原、河川)
  11. Viewpoints (展望地点)

Historic Sites and Special Historic Sites

  1. Shell mounds, settlement ruins, kofun, other historic ruins of this type (貝塚、集落跡、古墳その他この類の遺跡)
  2. Ruins of fortified towns, castles, government administration offices, old battlefields and other historic ruins related to politics or government (都城跡、国郡庁跡、城跡、官公庁、戦跡その他政治に関する遺跡)
  3. Remains of shrines and temples, former compound grounds and other historic ruins related to religion (社寺の跡又は旧境内その他祭祀信仰に関する遺跡)
  4. Schools, research institutions, cultural facilities and other historic ruins related to education, learning or culture (学校、研究施設、文化施設その他教育・学術・文化に関する遺跡)
  5. Medical care and welfare facilities, life related institution, other society and life related historic ruins (医療・福祉施設、生活関連施設その他社会・生活に関する遺跡)
  6. Transport and communication facilities, forest conservation and flood control facilities, manufacture facilities and other historic sites related to finance or manufacture activities (交通・通信施設、治山・治水施設、生産施設その他経済・生産活動に関する遺跡)
  7. Graves and stone monuments with inscriptions (墳墓及び碑)
  8. Former residences, gardens, ponds and other areas of particular historical significance (旧宅、園池その他特に由緒のある地域の類)
  9. Ruins related to foreign countries or foreigners (外国及び外国人に関する遺跡)

Natural Monuments and Special Natural Monuments

  1. Animals (動物)
    1. Well-known animals peculiar to Japan and their habitat (日本特有の動物で著名なもの及びその棲息地)
    2. Animals which are not peculiar to Japan, but need to be preserved as well-known characteristic Japanese animals, and their habitat (特有の産ではないが、日本著名の動物としてその保存を必要とするもの及びその棲息地)
    3. Animals or animal groups peculiar to Japan within their natural environment (自然環境における特有の動物又は動物群聚)
    4. Domestic animals peculiar to Japan (日本に特有な畜養動物)
    5. Well-known imported animals presently in a wild state, with the exception of domestic animals; their habitat (家畜以外の動物で海外よりわが国に移殖され現時野生の状態にある著名なもの及びその棲息地)
    6. Particularly valuable animal specimen (特に貴重な動物の標本)
  2. Plants, vegetation (植物)
    1. Old trees of historic interest, gigantic trees, old trees, deformed trees, cultivated pulpwood, roadside trees, shrine forests (名木、巨樹、老樹、畸形木、栽培植物の原木、並木、社叢)
    2. Representative primeval forests, rare forest flora (代表的原始林、稀有の森林植物相)
    3. Representative alpine plants, special clusters of plants on rock ground (代表的高山植物帯、特殊岩石地植物群落)
    4. Representative clusters of waste land plants (代表的な原野植物群落)
    5. Representative examples of coastal and sand ground vegetation (海岸及び沙地植物群落の代表的なもの)
    6. Representative examples of areas of peat forming plants (泥炭形成植物の発生する地域の代表的なもの)
    7. Clusters of plants growing in caves or grottoes (洞穴に自生する植物群落)
    8. Rare water plants in garden ponds, onsen, lakes, marshes, streams, sea, etc.; algae, moss, microbes, etc. (池泉、温泉、湖沼、河、海等の珍奇な水草類、藻類、蘚苔類、微生物等の生ずる地域)
    9. Remarkable occurrence of epiphytic plants on rocks, trees or shrubs (着生草木の著しく発生する岩石又は樹木)
    10. Remarkable plant growth on marginal land (著しい植物分布の限界地)
    11. Remarkable growth in the wild of crop plants (著しい栽培植物の自生地)
    12. Wild habitat of rare or near extinct plants (珍奇又は絶滅に瀕した植物の自生地)
  3.  Geological and mineralogical features (地質鉱物)
    1. Rocks, mineral and fossil producing sites (岩石、鉱物及び化石の産出状態)
    2. Conformable and unconformable strata (地層の整合及び不整合)
    3. Fold and thrust strata (地層の褶曲及び衝上)
    4. Geological features caused by the work of living creatures (生物の働きによる地質現象)
    5. Phenomena related to earthquake dislocation and landmass motion (地震断層など地塊運動に関する現象)
    6. Caves, grottoes (洞穴)
    7. Examples of rock organization (岩石の組織)
    8. Onsen and their sediments (温泉並びにその沈澱物)
    9. Erosion and weathering related phenomena (風化及び侵蝕に関する現象)
    10. Fumaroles and other items related to volcanic activity (硫気孔及び火山活動によるもの)
    11. Ice and frost related phenomena (氷雪霜の営力による現象)
    12. Particularly precious rock, mineral and fossil specimen (特に貴重な岩石、鉱物及び化石の標本)
  4. Representative territories rich in natural monuments to be protected (Natural Protected Areas) (保護すべき天然記念物に富んだ代表的一定の区域(天然保護区域))


The table's columns (except for Remarks and Photo) are sortable pressing the arrows symbols. The following gives an overview of what is included in the table and how the sorting works.

  • sorts as "prefecture-name town-name"

Special Places of Scenic Beauty, Special Historic Sites, Special Natural Monuments

Name Special Place of Scenic Beauty Special Historic Site Special Natural Monument Remarks Location Photo
Mōtsū-ji garden (毛越寺庭園 mōtsūji teien)[4] 1
Hiraizumi, Iwate
38°59′16.31″N 141°6′28.98″E / 38.9878639°N 141.1080500°E / 38.9878639; 141.1080500
A lake with stones in the water in front of wooded hills.
Matsushima (松島) 8, 11
One of the Three Views of Japan Shiogama, Shichigahama, Rifu, Matsushima, Higashimatsushima, Miyagi
38°21′59.13″N 141°4′27.87″E / 38.3664250°N 141.0744083°E / 38.3664250; 141.0744083
Sea with small islets completely covered with trees.
Hamarikyu Gardens (旧浜離宮庭園 kyū hamarikyū teien)[5] 1 2,8
35°39′35.3″N 139°45′46.5″E / 35.659806°N 139.762917°E / 35.659806; 139.762917
Bird eye view of a park with grassland, trees and ponds surrounded by tall buildings and a big street.
Koishikawa Kōrakuen Garden (小石川後楽園 koishikawa kōrakuen)[6] 1 8
35°42′19.63″N 139°44′57.37″E / 35.7054528°N 139.7492694°E / 35.7054528; 139.7492694
Bird eye view of a wooded park surrounded by tall buildings and adjacent to a rail line.
Rikugi-en (六義園)[7] 1
35°43′58.66″N 139°44′47.48″E / 35.7329611°N 139.7465222°E / 35.7329611; 139.7465222
A pond in a wooded park with a bridge and grassland.
Kurobe Gorge with Sarutobi Gorge and Mount Okukane (黒部峡谷 附 猿飛ならびに奥鐘山 kurobekyōkoku tsuketari sarutobi narabini okukaneyama) 6
4 Tateyama, Kurobe, Toyama
36°37′23.18″N 137°41′11.4″E / 36.6231056°N 137.686500°E / 36.6231056; 137.686500
A deep mountain valley with a river and wooded slopes.
Kenroku-en (兼六園)[8] 1
One of the Three Great Gardens of Japan Kanazawa, Ishikawa
36°33′43.5″N 136°39′44.99″E / 36.562083°N 136.6624972°E / 36.562083; 136.6624972
A stone lantern next to a tree in front of a pond. Beyond the lake there is a small wooden house built on poles above the water.
Ichijōdani Asakura Family Gardens (一乗谷朝倉氏庭園 Ichijōdani Asakura-shi teien) 1
The ruins at the same site are a Special Historic Site. Fukui, Fukui
35°59′57.95″N 136°17′43.52″E / 35.9994306°N 136.2954222°E / 35.9994306; 136.2954222
Grass, stones and a forest.
Mitake Shōsenkyō Gorge (御嶽昇仙峡 mitake shōsenkyō)[9] 5, 6
Kōfu and Kai, Yamanashi
35°44′41.64″N 138°33′59.29″E / 35.7449000°N 138.5664694°E / 35.7449000; 138.5664694
A wild river with lots of large stones in it running through a forest.
Kamikōchi (上高地)[10] 6
4 Matsumoto, Nagano
36°14′24.93″N 137°37′27.07″E / 36.2402583°N 137.6241861°E / 36.2402583; 137.6241861
A suspension bridge over a river with high snowcovered mountains in the back.
Konchiin Garden (金地院庭園 konchiin teien) 1
Kyoto, Kyoto
35°0′38.29″N 135°47′24.02″E / 35.0106361°N 135.7900056°E / 35.0106361; 135.7900056
Shrubs cut in round shapes beyond raked gravel and large stones.
Jishō-ji (Ginkaku-ji) Garden (慈照寺(銀閣寺)庭園 jishō-ji (ginkaku-ji) teien)[11] 1 8
Kyoto, Kyoto
35°1′35.78″N 135°47′54.31″E / 35.0266056°N 135.7984194°E / 35.0266056; 135.7984194
Trees and a raked sand garden next to traditional Japanese buildings.
Rokuon-ji (Kinkaku-ji) Garden (鹿苑寺(金閣寺)庭園 rokuon-ji (kinkaku-ji) teien)[12] 1 8
Kyoto, Kyoto
35°2′21.38″N 135°43′43.33″E / 35.0392722°N 135.7287028°E / 35.0392722; 135.7287028
Moss covered ground in front of trees and a golden pavilion in the distance.
Jōruri-ji Garden (浄瑠璃寺庭園 jōruri-ji teien) 1
Also a historic site (hist-crit.: 8) Kizugawa, Kyoto
34°42′56.16″N 135°52′22.8″E / 34.7156000°N 135.873000°E / 34.7156000; 135.873000
Saihō-ji Garden (西芳寺庭園 saihō-ji teien)[13] 1
Also a historic site (hist-crit.: 8) Kyoto, Kyoto
34°59′32.5″N 135°41′3.81″E / 34.992361°N 135.6843917°E / 34.992361; 135.6843917
Moss covered ground among trees in front of a pond.
Daisen-in Shoin Garden (大仙院書院庭園 daisenin shoin teien)[14] 1
Also a historic site (hist-crit.: 8) Kyoto, Kyoto
35°2′40.66″N 135°44′45.01″E / 35.0446278°N 135.7458361°E / 35.0446278; 135.7458361
Rock garden with raked gravel and large stones including one placed like a bridge.
Daitoku-ji Hōjō Garden (大徳寺方丈庭園 daitokuji hōjō teien) 1
Also a historic site (hist-crit.: 8) Kyoto, Kyoto
35°2′40.66″N 135°44′45.01″E / 35.0446278°N 135.7458361°E / 35.0446278; 135.7458361
Rock garden with raked gravel and large standing stones in front of a small wall and green plants.
Daigo-ji Sanbō-in Garden (醍醐寺三宝院庭園 daigoji sanbōin teien)[15] 1 8
Kyoto, Kyoto
34°57′6.78″N 135°49′10.2″E / 34.9518833°N 135.819500°E / 34.9518833; 135.819500
Amanohashidate (天橋立)[16] 3, 8, 11
One of the Three Views of Japan Miyazu, Kyoto
35°34′12.02″N 135°11′30.59″E / 35.5700056°N 135.1918306°E / 35.5700056; 135.1918306
A narrow strip of sand covered in woods separating two bodies of water which are likely the sea and a lake.
Tenryū-ji Garden (天龍寺庭園 tenryū-ji teien)[17] 1
Also a historic site (hist-crit.: 8) Kyoto, Kyoto
35°0′56.68″N 135°40′23.53″E / 35.0157444°N 135.6732028°E / 35.0157444; 135.6732028
Raked gravel in front of a pond and a wooded hill.
Nijō Castle Ninomaru Palace Gardens (二条城二之丸庭園 nijōjō ninomaru teien)[18] 1
Kyoto, Kyoto
35°0′48.27″N 135°44′57.22″E / 35.0134083°N 135.7492278°E / 35.0134083; 135.7492278
A pond with stones along the sides located in a garden with pine and other trees.
Hōkongō-in Seijo no taki waterfall and Mount Goisan (法金剛院青女滝 附 五位山 hōkongōin seijo no taki tsuketari goisan) 1, 10
Kyoto, Kyoto
35°1′11.77″N 135°42′59.03″E / 35.0199361°N 135.7163972°E / 35.0199361; 135.7163972
A small waterfall with little water among trees.
Hongan-ji Ōshoin Garden (本願寺大書院庭園 honganji ōshoin teien) 1
Also a historic site (hist-crit: 8) Kyoto, Kyoto
34°59′27.37″N 135°45′4.47″E / 34.9909361°N 135.7512417°E / 34.9909361; 135.7512417
Ryōan-ji Hōjō Garden (龍安寺方丈庭園 ryōanji hōjō teien) 1
Also a historic site (hist-crit: 8) Kyoto, Kyoto
35°2′3.81″N 135°43′5.42″E / 35.0343917°N 135.7181722°E / 35.0343917; 135.7181722
A rectangular plot of raked gravel with islands of larger stone. The plot is bordered on two sides by a low wall.
Garden at the Eastern Heijō Palace (平城宮東院庭園 Heijō-kyū tōin teien)[19] 1
Reconstruction of an 8th-century Imperial Palace Garden with ponds and pebble shore Nara, Nara
34°41′28″N 135°47′44″E / 34.69111°N 135.79556°E / 34.69111; 135.79556
Heijō-kyō Sakyō Sanjō Nibō Palace Garden (平城京左京三条二坊宮跡庭園 heijōkyō sakyō sanjō nibō miyaato teien)[20] 1 2, 8
The ruins at the same site are a Special Historic Site. Nara, Nara
34°41′1.45″N 135°48′8.44″E / 34.6837361°N 135.8023444°E / 34.6837361; 135.8023444
Okayama Kōraku-en (岡山後楽園 okayama kōrakuen)[21] 1
One of the Three Great Gardens of Japan Okayama, Okayama
34°40′3.94″N 133°56′7.78″E / 34.6677611°N 133.9354944°E / 34.6677611; 133.9354944
Garden with dried grassland, plants, woods and a large pond with islands.
Itsukushima (厳島)[22] 8 2,3
Includes one of the Three Views of Japan Hatsukaichi, Hiroshima
34°17′1.99″N 132°19′5.9″E / 34.2838861°N 132.318306°E / 34.2838861; 132.318306
Sea and wooded hills. There is a red pagoda on land and a red gate standing in the water.
Sandan-kyō ravine (三段峡 sandan-kyō) 3,5,6
Akiōta, Hiroshima
34°37′28.85″N 132°11′8.97″E / 34.6246806°N 132.1858250°E / 34.6246806; 132.1858250
A river with two small waterfalls in a wooded mountain landscape.
Ritsurin Garden (栗林公園 ritsurin kōen)[23] 1
Takamatsu, Kagawa
34°19′39.2″N 134°2′35.76″E / 34.327556°N 134.0432667°E / 34.327556; 134.0432667
A pond with a bridge and islands in a park setting surrounded by wood and in front of a hill.
Nijinomatsubara (虹の松原)[24] 3,9
Karatsu, Saga
33°26′35.99″N 130°0′34.37″E / 33.4433306°N 130.0095472°E / 33.4433306; 130.0095472
A forest stretching along the coastline.
Mount Unzen (雲仙岳 unzendake) 1, 3, 9, 10
Shimabara, Nagasaki
32°45′37.54″N 130°17′31.25″E / 32.7604278°N 130.2920139°E / 32.7604278; 130.2920139
Volcano with smoking rocky top and lower parts without vegetation.
Shikinaen Garden (識名園 shikinaen) 1
Naha, Okinawa
26°12′14.1″N 127°42′55.32″E / 26.203917°N 127.7153667°E / 26.203917; 127.7153667
A pond crossed by a stone causeway with a bridge. There is a low wooden house beyond the pond.
Lake Towada and Oirase Mountain Stream (十和田湖および奥入瀬渓流 towadako oyobi oirasekeiryū) 6, 7
Also a Natural Monument (4) Towadako, Aomori and Kosaka, Akita
40°28′23.05″N 140°52′39.67″E / 40.4730694°N 140.8776861°E / 40.4730694; 140.8776861
A lake bordered by wooded slopes.

A stream through a green forest.

Dorohacchō Gorge (瀞八丁 dorohacchō) 5,6
Also a Natural Monument (3.1) Kumanogawa, Wakayama, Kiwa, Mie and Totsukawa, Nara
33°52′23.24″N 135°51′27.43″E / 33.8731222°N 135.8576194°E / 33.8731222; 135.8576194
Mount Fuji (富士山 fujisan) 10
Yamanashi, Shizuoka
35°21′28.8″N 138°43′51.6″E / 35.358000°N 138.731000°E / 35.358000; 138.731000
Perfectly shaped volcano with the upper half covered in snow.
Goryōkaku site (五稜郭跡 goryōkakuato)[25]
Star fort of the Republic of Ezo Hakodate, Hokkaidō
41°47′49.8″N 140°45′24.3″E / 41.797167°N 140.756750°E / 41.797167; 140.756750
Bird eye view on a star shaped fortress with surrounding water filled moat.
Sannai-Maruyama site (三内丸山遺跡 sannai maruyama iseki)[26]
Jōmon period archaeological site Aomori, Aomori
40°48′40.24″N 140°41′44.3″E / 40.8111778°N 140.695639°E / 40.8111778; 140.695639
A long very basic wooden house with thatched roof. Behind the house there is a wooden three-storied structure with open floors supported by large pillars.
Chūson-ji compound (中尊寺境内 chūsonji keidai)[27]
Hiraizumi, Iwate
39°0′6.68″N 141°6′0.46″E / 39.0018556°N 141.1001278°E / 39.0018556; 141.1001278
A building with pyramid shaped roof at the end of a flight of stairs.
Muryōkōin site (無量光院跡 muryōkōinato)
Hiraizumi, Iwate
38°59′36.08″N 141°6′56.81″E / 38.9933556°N 141.1157806°E / 38.9933556; 141.1157806
Very small remains of foundations.
Site of a Chinjusha attached to the Mōtsū-ji compound (毛越寺境内 附 鎮守社跡 mōtsūji keidai tsuketari chinjushaato)[28]
Hiraizumi, Iwate
38°59′13.89″N 141°6′27.26″E / 38.9871917°N 141.1075722°E / 38.9871917; 141.1075722
Site of a temple attached to the site of the Taga Castle (多賀城跡 附 寺跡 tagajōato tsuketari teraato)[29][30]
2, 3
Tagajō, Miyagi
38°17′57.54″N 140°59′52.41″E / 38.2993167°N 140.9978917°E / 38.2993167; 140.9978917
A low stone platform in a meadow.
Ōyu Stone Circle (大湯環状列石 ōyu kanjō resseki)[31]
Kazuno, Akita
40°16′16.96″N 140°48′15.06″E / 40.2713778°N 140.8041833°E / 40.2713778; 140.8041833
A circle on the ground made of stones.
Former Kōdōkan School (旧弘道館 kyūkōdōkan)[32]
Former school of the Mito Clan, founded in 1841 by Tokugawa Nariaki Mito, Ibaraki
36°22′31.54″N 140°28′38.27″E / 36.3754278°N 140.4772972°E / 36.3754278; 140.4772972
A wooden house with white walls and a gabled roof.
Hitachi Kokubun-ji site (常陸国分寺跡 hitachi kokubunjiato)[33]
Ishioka, Ibaraki
36°11′48.17″N 140°16′25.38″E / 36.1967139°N 140.2737167°E / 36.1967139; 140.2737167
Hitachi Kokubun Nunnery site (常陸国分尼寺跡 hitachi kokubun nijiato)[34]
Ishioka, Ibaraki
36°12′6.18″N 140°16′3.25″E / 36.2017167°N 140.2675694°E / 36.2017167; 140.2675694
Ōya Magaibutsu (大谷磨崖仏 ōya magaibutsu)
Stone reliefs of Buddhist deities in a cave Utsunomiya, Tochigi
36°35′46.35″N 139°49′16.94″E / 36.5962083°N 139.8213722°E / 36.5962083; 139.8213722
Cedar Avenue of Nikkō and attached donation monuments (日光杉並木街道 附 並木寄進碑 nikkō suginamiki kaidō tsuketari namiki kishinhi)[35][36]
6 2.1 Three roads totalling 37 km (23 mi) Nikkō, Imaichi and Kanuma, Tochigi
36°35′46.35″N 139°49′16.94″E / 36.5962083°N 139.8213722°E / 36.5962083; 139.8213722
Tall cedar trees next to a modern road.

A stone stele with square cross section surrounded by a stone fence.

Kanaizawa Stele (金井沢碑 kanaizawahi)[37]
3, 7
110 cm (43 in) high stone stele from 726 Takasaki, Gunma
36°17′8.37″N 139°0′58.21″E / 36.2856583°N 139.0161694°E / 36.2856583; 139.0161694
Rubbed copy showing Chinese characters.
Yamanoue stele and kofun (山上碑及び古墳 yamanouehi oyobi kofun)[38]
1, 7
Takasaki, Gunma
36°16′37.48″N 139°1′40.09″E / 36.2770778°N 139.0278028°E / 36.2770778; 139.0278028
Rubbed copy showing Chinese characters.
Tago Stele (多胡碑 tagohi)[39]
2, 7
Takasaki, Gunma
36°15′54.1″N 138°59′46.67″E / 36.265028°N 138.9962972°E / 36.265028; 138.9962972
Rubbed copy showing Chinese characters.
Edo Castle site (江戸城跡 edojōato)
35°41′8.93″N 139°45′23.95″E / 35.6858139°N 139.7566528°E / 35.6858139; 139.7566528
Stone foundations.
Ichijōdani Asakura Family Historic Ruins (一乗谷朝倉氏遺跡 Ichijōdani Asakura-shi iseki)[40]
2, 3, 6, 7, 8
The gardens at the same site are a Special Place of Scenic Beauty. Fukui, Fukui
35°59′57.95″N 136°17′43.52″E / 35.9994306°N 136.2954222°E / 35.9994306; 136.2954222
Small Chinese style wooden gate in a wall of rough stones.
Togari Ishi Stone Age ruins (尖石石器時代遺跡 togariishi sekkijidai iseki)
Jōmon period archaeological site Chino, Nagano
36°0′46.32″N 138°13′55.04″E / 36.0128667°N 138.2319556°E / 36.0128667; 138.2319556
Tōtomi Kokubun-ji site (遠江国分寺跡 tōtomi kokubunjiato)[41]
Iwata, Shizuoka
34°43′10.45″N 137°51′5.75″E / 34.7195694°N 137.8515972°E / 34.7195694; 137.8515972
Arai Barrier site (新居関跡 arainosekiato)[42][43]
Set up by Tokugawa Ieyasu Arai, Shizuoka
34°41′40.99″N 137°33′40.82″E / 34.6947194°N 137.5613389°E / 34.6947194; 137.5613389
A wide wooden building with a large roof beyond a wooden fence.
Toro archaeological site (登呂遺跡 toro iseki)[44]
Late Yayoi archaeological site Shizuoka, Shizuoka
34°57′22.26″N 138°24′29.74″E / 34.9561833°N 138.4082611°E / 34.9561833; 138.4082611
Simple thatched hut with the thatching going all the way to the ground.
Nagoya Castle site (名古屋城跡 nagoyajōato)
Nagoya, Aichi
35°11′5.8″N 136°53′58.77″E / 35.184944°N 136.8996583°E / 35.184944; 136.8996583
Remains of stone foundations in front of a Japanese castle.
Former residence of Motoori Norinaga (本居宣長旧宅 同 宅跡 Motoori Norinaga kyūtaku dōtakuato)[45]
Matsusaka, Mie
34°34′30.9″N 136°31′32.94″E / 34.575250°N 136.5258167°E / 34.575250; 136.5258167
Interior of a Japanese house with tatami floor and sliding doors.
Azuchi Castle site (安土城跡 azuchijōato)
Azuchi and Higashiōmi, Shiga
35°9′21.25″N 136°8′21.79″E / 35.1559028°N 136.1393861°E / 35.1559028; 136.1393861
Hikone Castle site (彦根城跡 hikonejōato)
Hikone, Shiga
35°16′35.87″N 136°15′9.02″E / 35.2766306°N 136.2525056°E / 35.2766306; 136.2525056
Osaka Castle site (大坂城跡 osakajōato)
Osaka, Osaka
34°41′14.3″N 135°31′35.04″E / 34.687306°N 135.5264000°E / 34.687306; 135.5264000
Osaka Castle.
Kudara-dera site (百済寺 kuderaderaato)
Hirakata, Osaka
34°48′55.29″N 135°39′39.15″E / 34.8153583°N 135.6608750°E / 34.8153583; 135.6608750
A low earthen platform.
Himeji Castle site (姫路城跡 himejijōato)[46]
Himeji, Hyōgo
34°50′18.85″N 134°41′34.97″E / 34.8385694°N 134.6930472°E / 34.8385694; 134.6930472
View from a high building over wooded lands with many structures.
Kitora Tomb (キトラ古墳 kitora kofun)[47]
Asuka, Nara
34°27′5.25″N 135°48′18.49″E / 34.4514583°N 135.8051361°E / 34.4514583; 135.8051361
Wooded hillock and a small stone wall.
Takamatsuzuka Tomb (高松塚古墳 takamatsuzuka kofun)[48]
Asuka, Nara
34°27′43.94″N 135°48′23.2″E / 34.4622056°N 135.806444°E / 34.4622056; 135.806444
Wooden entrance to a little hill.
Yama-dera site (山田寺跡 yamadaderaato)[49]
Sakurai, Nara
34°29′4.02″N 135°49′48.09″E / 34.4844500°N 135.8300250°E / 34.4844500; 135.8300250
Modern stele with Japanese characters next to a raised platform.
Ishibutai Kofun (石舞台古墳)[50]
Asuka, Nara
34°28′0.15″N 135°49′33.88″E / 34.4667083°N 135.8260778°E / 34.4667083; 135.8260778
Two huge and a couple of smaller rocks.
Suyama Kofun (巣山古墳)[51]
Kōryō, Nara
34°33′23.06″N 135°44′27.63″E / 34.5564056°N 135.7410083°E / 34.5564056; 135.7410083
Fujiwara Palace site (藤原宮跡 fujiwara kyūseki)[52]
Palace of the Fujiwara capital Kashihara, Nara
34°30′8.71″N 135°48′26.44″E / 34.5024194°N 135.8073444°E / 34.5024194; 135.8073444
Fujiwara Palace Ruins
Monjuin Nishi Kofun (文殊院西古墳)[53]
Sakurai, Nara
34°30′13.55″N 135°50′33.21″E / 34.5037639°N 135.8425583°E / 34.5037639; 135.8425583
Entrance to an underground structure built of rough stones.
Heijō Palace site (平城宮跡 heijō kyūseki)[54]
Palace of the Heijō capital; the gardens at the same site are a Special Place of Scenic Beauty Nara, Nara
34°41′28.46″N 135°47′42.02″E / 34.6912389°N 135.7950056°E / 34.6912389; 135.7950056
Birds eye view of a palace with several large structures surrounded by a rectangular corridor.
Moto Yakushi-ji site (本薬師寺跡 motoyakushijiato)[55]
Yakushi-ji of the Fujiwara capital Kashihara, Nara
34°29′33.88″N 135°48′0.95″E / 34.4927444°N 135.8002639°E / 34.4927444; 135.8002639
Iwase Senzuka Kofun Group (岩橋千塚古墳群 iwase senzuka kofungun)[56]
Wakayama, Wakayama
34°13′33.08″N 135°13′38.9″E / 34.2258556°N 135.227472°E / 34.2258556; 135.227472
A gravel path and hillocks.
Sai no Ohai-ji site (斎尾廃寺跡 sainoohaijiato)
Tōhaku, Tottori
35°28′53.65″N 133°42′41.13″E / 35.4815694°N 133.7114250°E / 35.4815694; 133.7114250
Former Shizutani School with Camelia mound, stone gate, site of the residence of Tsuda Nagatada and tea house (旧閑谷学校 附 椿山石門津田永忠宅跡および黄葉亭 kyūshizutanigakkō tsuketari tsubakiyama sekimon tsudanagatadatakuato oyobi kōyōtei)[57][58]
Bizen, Okayama
34°47′46.77″N 134°13′10.23″E / 34.7963250°N 134.2195083°E / 34.7963250; 134.2195083
A fenced mound beyond a thick forest.

Two short stone columns placed about two meters apart in the ground.

Small hut with thatched pyramid shaped roof amongst trees.

Stone foundations and a wooded hill.

Renjuku Fourmer Chazan Kan house (廉塾ならびに菅茶山旧宅 renjuku narabini kansazankyūtaku)[59][60]
4, 8
Chazan Kan (1748–1827) was a Confucian scholar. Fukuyama, Hiroshima
34°32′41.26″N 133°23′4.1″E / 34.5447944°N 133.384472°E / 34.5447944; 133.384472
Sanuki Kokubun-ji site (讃岐国分寺跡 sanuki kokubunjiato)[61]
Temple 80 of the Shikoku pilgrimage Takamatsu, Kagawa
34°18′13.18″N 133°56′39.65″E / 34.3036611°N 133.9443472°E / 34.3036611; 133.9443472
Large stones set in the ground in front of temple buildings.
Ōzuka Kofun (王塚古墳)[62]
Keisen, Fukuoka
33°35′19.47″N 130°39′49.84″E / 33.5887417°N 130.6638444°E / 33.5887417; 130.6638444
A mound with a gate covered by grass.
Mizuki site (水城跡 mizukiato)
Low embankment built in 664 by the Dazaifu (大宰府), the imperial office governing Kyūshū, against an invasion from Tang Dynasty China and Korea Dazaifu, Kasuga and Ōnojō, Fukuoka
33°31′2.41″N 130°29′28.42″E / 33.5173361°N 130.4912278°E / 33.5173361; 130.4912278
Dazaifu site (大宰府跡 dazaifuato)[63]
Ruins of the governmental office with jurisdiction over Kyūshū Dazaifu, Fukuoka
33°30′52.43″N 130°30′54.55″E / 33.5145639°N 130.5151528°E / 33.5145639; 130.5151528
Modern stele in front of a park-like area.
Ōnojō Castle Ruins (大野城跡 ōnojōato)[64]
2, 3
Asuka period castle Dazaifu, Umi and Ōnojō, Fukuoka
33°31′16.9″N 130°30′54.01″E / 33.521361°N 130.5150028°E / 33.521361; 130.5150028
Wall of unhewn stones.
Yoshinogari site (吉野ヶ里遺跡 yoshinogari iseki)[65]
Yayoi period archaeological site Yoshinogari, Saga
33°19′25.18″N 130°23′6.43″E / 33.3236611°N 130.3851194°E / 33.3236611; 130.3851194
Two simple houses with thatched roofs almost going down to the ground.
Nagoya Castle ruined foundations (名護屋城跡並陣跡 nagoyajōato narabini jinato)[66]
Chinzei, Yobuko and Genkai, Saga
33°31′48.65″N 129°52′9.75″E / 33.5301806°N 129.8693750°E / 33.5301806; 129.8693750
Hill with remains of stone foundations. In the distant background there is the see.
Kaneda Castle site (金田城跡 kanedajōato)[67]
Asuka period mountain castle Tsushima, Nagasaki
34°16′6.07″N 129°18′49.69″E / 34.2683528°N 129.3138028°E / 34.2683528; 129.3138028
Haru no Tsuji Site (原の辻遺跡 haru no tsujii seki)[68]
Iki, Nagasaki
33°45′48.68″N 129°44′55.04″E / 33.7635222°N 129.7486222°E / 33.7635222; 129.7486222
Kumamoto Castle site (熊本城跡 kumamotojōato)
Kumamoto, Kumamoto
32°48′20.55″N 130°42′21.21″E / 32.8057083°N 130.7058917°E / 32.8057083; 130.7058917
Usuki Stone Buddhas with five-storied stone pagoda and two gorintō with inscriptions from 1170 and 1172 (臼杵磨崖仏  附 日吉塔、嘉応二年在銘五輪塔  承安二年在銘五輪塔 usuki magaibutsu tsuketari hiyoshitō kaōninenzaimei gorintō jōanninenzaimei gorintō)[69][70]
Usuki, Ōita
33°5′26.18″N 131°45′47.04″E / 33.0906056°N 131.7630667°E / 33.0906056; 131.7630667
Saitobaru Burial Mounds (西都原古墳群 saitobaru kofun-guni)[71]
Saito, Miyazaki
32°7′14.95″N 131°23′17.84″E / 32.1208194°N 131.3882889°E / 32.1208194; 131.3882889
Grass covered hillock with an entrance.
Kii Castle site (基肄(椽)城跡 kiijōato)[72]
Chikushino, Fukuoka and Kiyama, Saga
33°26′39.34″N 130°30′36.09″E / 33.4442611°N 130.5100250°E / 33.4442611; 130.5100250
Mount Apoi alpine plant community (アポイ岳高山植物群落 apoidake kōzanshokubutsu gunraku)
2.3 Samani, Hokkaidō
42°6′25.35″N 143°1′41.89″E / 42.1070417°N 143.0283028°E / 42.1070417; 143.0283028
Marimo of Lake Akan (阿寒湖のマリモ akanko no marimo)
2.12, 2.8 Akan, Hokkaidō
43°27′1.54″N 144°5′57.93″E / 43.4504278°N 144.0994250°E / 43.4504278; 144.0994250
Large green balls of a plant under water.
Showashinzan (昭和新山)
3.10 Sōbetsu, Hokkaidō
42°32′37.17″N 140°51′51.77″E / 42.5436583°N 140.8643806°E / 42.5436583; 140.8643806
Rocky mountain colored red among green landscape.
Daisetsuzan (大雪山)
4 Kamikawa, Higashikawa, Biei and Shintoku, Hokkaidō
43°40′58.87″N 142°53′55.78″E / 43.6830194°N 142.8988278°E / 43.6830194; 142.8988278
Flat valley or caldera with patches of snow.
Nopporo Forest Park (野幌原始林 nopporo genshirin)
2.2 Kitahiroshima, Hokkaidō
43°3′12.46″N 141°30′3.09″E / 43.0534611°N 141.5008583°E / 43.0534611; 141.5008583
Lake in a forest.
Swans on Kominato beach and their wintering place (小湊のハクチョウおよびその渡来地 kominato no hakuchō oyobi sono toraichi)
1.2 Whooper swans Hiranai, Aomori
40°56′14.09″N 140°58′23.88″E / 40.9372472°N 140.9733000°E / 40.9372472; 140.9733000
Getō Onsen Tufa (夏油温泉の石灰華 getō onsen no sekkaika)
3.8 Kitakami, Iwate
39°12′36.64″N 140°52′55.74″E / 39.2101778°N 140.8821500°E / 39.2101778; 140.8821500
Nesori petrified wood (根反の大珪化木 nesori no daikeikaboku)
3.1 15–20 million years old Ichinohe, Iwate
40°11′24.78″N 141°20′4.42″E / 40.1902167°N 141.3345611°E / 40.1902167; 141.3345611
Yakehashiri lava flow (焼走り熔岩流 yakehashiri yōganryū)
3.5, 3.10 Nishine, Iwate
39°52′30.82″N 141°2′51.16″E / 39.8752278°N 141.0475444°E / 39.8752278; 141.0475444
Mount Hayachine and Yakushidake alpine zone, forest vegetation (早池峰山および薬師岳の高山帯・森林植物群落 hayachinesan oyobi yakushidake no kōzantai shinrin shokubutsugunraku)
2.3 Hanamaki, Tōno and Kawai, Iwate
39°31′53.71″N 141°28′26.53″E / 39.5315861°N 141.4740361°E / 39.5315861; 141.4740361
onikōbe no megama oyobi ogama kanketsu onsen (鬼首の雌釜および雄釜間歇温泉)
3.8 Ōsaki, Miyagi
38°48′0.19″N 140°38′52.81″E / 38.8000528°N 140.6480028°E / 38.8000528; 140.6480028
Tamagawa Hot Spring hokutolite (玉川温泉の北投石 tamagawa onsen no hokutōseki)
3.1, 3.8 Hokutolite is a type of radioactive baryte. Semboku, Akita
39°57′42.57″N 140°43′42.18″E / 39.9618250°N 140.7283833°E / 39.9618250; 140.7283833
Mount Haguro cedar avenue (羽黒山のスギ並木 hagursan no suginamiki)
2.1 Tsuruoka, Yamagata
38°42′13.91″N 139°58′13.33″E / 38.7038639°N 139.9703694°E / 38.7038639; 139.9703694
A stone mountain path through a forest of very large cedar trees.
Large zelkova tree of Higashine (東根の大ケヤキ higashine no ōkeyaki)
2.1 More than 1000 years old, and perimeter larger than 12 (m), largest zelkova tree in Japan Higashine, Yamagata
38°26′31.16″N 140°24′6.28″E / 38.4419889°N 140.4017444°E / 38.4419889; 140.4017444
Natural habitat Pinguicula ramosa (コウシンソウ自生地 higashine no ōkeyaki)
2.12 A species of butterwort endemic to Nikkō National Park Nikkō, Tochigi
36°40′27.13″N 139°21′42.9″E / 36.6742028°N 139.361917°E / 36.6742028; 139.361917
A small plant with light green leaves and blue whitish flowers growing on a tree trunk.
Mount Asama lava tree mold (浅間山熔岩樹型 asamayama yōganjukei)
3.2, 3.7, 3.10 Tsumagoi, Gunma
36°26′53.57″N 138°30′56.25″E / 36.4482139°N 138.5156250°E / 36.4482139; 138.5156250
Wisteria at Ushijima (牛島のフジ ushijima no fuji)
2.1 Kasukabe, Saitama
35°59′5.83″N 139°46′24.07″E / 35.9849528°N 139.7733528°E / 35.9849528; 139.7733528
Kagami-iwa rock at Mount Mitake (御獄の鏡岩 mitake no kagamiiwa)
3.1, 3.5 Kamikawa, Saitama
36°10′45.91″N 139°4′14.18″E / 36.1794194°N 139.0706056°E / 36.1794194; 139.0706056
Tajimagahara Primula sieboldii primrose habitat (田島ヶ原サクラソウ自生地 tajimagahara sakurasō jiseichi)
2.4 Saitama, Saitama
35°50′17.41″N 139°36′56.66″E / 35.8381694°N 139.6157389°E / 35.8381694; 139.6157389
Tajimagahara Primula sieboldii primrose habitat
Tai-no-ura sea bream habitat (鯛の浦タイ生息地 tai no ura tai seisokuchi)[73]
1.3 Kamogawa, Chiba
35°7′5.98″N 140°11′28.67″E / 35.1183278°N 140.1912972°E / 35.1183278; 140.1912972
Ōshima cherry tree (大島のサクラ株 ōshima no sakurakabu)
2.1 Single tree, 7.9 m (26 ft) circumference; species is native to Ōshima and Izu Peninsula Ōshima, Tokyo
34°45′49.01″N 139°26′3.07″E / 34.7636139°N 139.4341861°E / 34.7636139; 139.4341861
Firefly squid sea surface group (ホタルイカ群遊海面 hotaruika-gun yūkaimen)
1.3 Toyama and Uozu, Toyama
36°46′36.01″N 137°20′40.69″E / 36.7766694°N 137.3446361°E / 36.7766694; 137.3446361
Uozu buried forest (魚津埋没林 uozu maibutsurin)
3.1, 3.5 Tree trunks of a cedar forest partially buried about 2000 years ago; largest has a circumference of c. 12 m (39 ft) Shakadō, Uozu, Toyama
36°49′31.5″N 137°24′23.53″E / 36.825417°N 137.4065361°E / 36.825417; 137.4065361
Yakushidake cirque group (薬師岳の圏谷群 yakushidake no kenkokugun)
3.11 Toyama, Toyama
36°28′5.64″N 137°32′38.48″E / 36.4682333°N 137.5440222°E / 36.4682333; 137.5440222
Sinter cones (岩間の噴泉塔群 iwama no funsentōgun)
3.8 Hakusan, Ishikawa
36°13′39.32″N 136°46′11.69″E / 36.2275889°N 136.7699139°E / 36.2275889; 136.7699139
Narusawa lava tree mold (鳴沢熔岩樹型 narusawayōganjukei)
3.6, 3.10 Narusawa, Yamanashi
35°25′34.06″N 138°42′3.05″E / 35.4261278°N 138.7008472°E / 35.4261278; 138.7008472
Shirahone Onsen stalagmite and spherical limestones (白骨温泉の噴湯丘と球状石灰石 shirahone onsen no funtōkyū to kyūjōsekkaiseki)
3.8 Matsumoto, Nagano
36°8′51.72″N 137°37′28.85″E / 36.1477000°N 137.6246806°E / 36.1477000; 137.6246806
Neodani Fault (根尾谷断層 neodani dansō)
3.5 Motosu, Gifu
35°37′1.62″N 136°37′14.98″E / 35.6171167°N 136.6208278°E / 35.6171167; 136.6208278
Itoshiro cedar (石徹白のスギ itoshiro no sugi)
2.1 Circumference 14 m (46 ft) Gujō, Gifu
36°0′5.83″N 136°46′18.49″E / 36.0016194°N 136.7718028°E / 36.0016194; 136.7718028
Kariyado gebazakura (狩宿の下馬ザクラ kariyado no gebazakura)
2.1 Oldest tree of the mountain sakura, crown 21.81 m (71.6 ft) (EW) and 16.33 m (53.6 ft) (NS) Fujinomiya, Shizuoka
35°18′6.92″N 138°35′19.59″E / 35.3019222°N 138.5887750°E / 35.3019222; 138.5887750
Wakutama pond (湧玉池 wakutama no ike)
3.10 Fujinomiya, Shizuoka
35°13′38.07″N 138°36′41.14″E / 35.2272417°N 138.6114278°E / 35.2272417; 138.6114278
Pond with a stone inside and a red bridge crossing it.
Nagaoka fireflies and their habitat (長岡のゲンジボタルおよびその発生地 nagaoka no genjibotaru oyobi sono hassei)
1.2 Maibara, Shiga
35°21′22.54″N 136°22′4.84″E / 35.3562611°N 136.3680111°E / 35.3562611; 136.3680111
Kasugayama Primeval Forest (春日山原始林 kasugayama genshirin)
2.2 Part of the World Heritage Site "Historic Monuments of Ancient Nara" Nara, Nara
34°40′56.19″N 135°51′46.13″E / 34.6822750°N 135.8628139°E / 34.6822750; 135.8628139
Daisen agarwood single species forest (大山のダイセンキャラボク純林 daisen no daisenkyaraboku junrin)
2.2 Daisen, Tottori
35°29′0.95″N 133°30′28.51″E / 35.4835972°N 133.5079194°E / 35.4835972; 133.5079194
Daikon Island lava tubes (大根島の熔岩隧道 daikonjima no yōganzuidō)
3.6, 3.10 Matsue, Shimane
35°29′42.59″N 133°10′34.42″E / 35.4951639°N 133.1762278°E / 35.4951639; 133.1762278
Akiyoshi plateau (秋吉台 akiyoshidai)
3.1, 3.3, 3.6, 3.9 Karst topography Mine, Yamaguchi
34°14′11.14″N 131°17′26.05″E / 34.2364278°N 131.2905694°E / 34.2364278; 131.2905694
Landscape of brown hills with many scattered rocks.
Akiyoshi cave (秋芳洞 akiyoshidō)
3.6, 3.9 At 8.7 km (5.4 mi) second longest cave in Japan Mine, Yamaguchi
34°13′40.17″N 131°18′12.32″E / 34.2278250°N 131.3034222°E / 34.2278250; 131.3034222
The Hyakumaizara in Akiyoshi cave.
Cranes at Yashiro and their wintering place (八代のツルおよびその渡来地 yashiro no tsuru oyobi sono toraichi)
1.2 Hooded cranes Shūnan and Kudamatsu, Yamaguchi
34°5′56.19″N 131°56′49.83″E / 34.0989417°N 131.9471750°E / 34.0989417; 131.9471750
Giant camphor tree in Kamo (加茂の大クス kamo no ōkusu)
2.1 Higashimiyoshi, Tokushima
34°2′27.39″N 133°55′54.92″E / 34.0409417°N 133.9319222°E / 34.0409417; 133.9319222
Chinese juniper at Hōshō-in (宝生院のシンパク hōshōin no shinpaku)
2.1 23 m (75 ft) high, 15 m (49 ft) circumference at ground level Tonoshō, Kagawa
34°29′36.11″N 134°11′49.86″E / 34.4933639°N 134.1971833°E / 34.4933639; 134.1971833
Yakama potholes (八釜の甌穴群 yakama no ōketsugun)
3.9 Kumakōgen, Ehime
33°42′13.6″N 132°57′38.39″E / 33.703778°N 132.9606639°E / 33.703778; 132.9606639
Common jay at Kōchi and its habitat (高知市のミカドアゲハおよびその生息地 kōchishi no mikadoageha oyobi sono seisokuchi)
1.2 Kōchi, Kōchi
33°33′13.06″N 133°32′24.07″E / 33.5536278°N 133.5400194°E / 33.5536278; 133.5400194
Giant cedars at Sugi (杉の大スギ sugi no ōsugi)
2.1 Two stems, each about 16 m (52 ft) circumference Ōtoyo, Kōchi
33°45′20.17″N 133°39′47.01″E / 33.7556028°N 133.6630583°E / 33.7556028; 133.6630583
Japanese Box primeval forest at Mount Kosho (古処山ツゲ原始林 koshosan tsuge genshirin)
2.1 Asakura and Kama, Fukuoka
33°28′54.67″N 130°43′29.8″E / 33.4818528°N 130.724944°E / 33.4818528; 130.724944
Camphor tree primeval forest at Mount Tachibana (立花山クスノキ原始林 tachibanayama kusunoki genshirin)
2.2, 2.10 Shingū and Hisayama, Fukuoka
33°40′45.67″N 130°28′6.23″E / 33.6793528°N 130.4683972°E / 33.6793528; 130.4683972
Mucuna sempervirens at Aira (相良のアイラトビカズラ aira no airatobikazura)
2.1, 2.12 Kikuka, Kumamoto
33°3′51.16″N 130°46′5.53″E / 33.0642111°N 130.7682028°E / 33.0642111; 130.7682028
Aoshima subtropical plant communities (青島亜熱帯性植物群落 aoshima anettai seishokubutsugunraku)
2.2 Aoshima, Miyazaki, Miyazaki
31°48′18.69″N 131°28′32.7″E / 31.8051917°N 131.475750°E / 31.8051917; 131.475750
Sago palm natural habitat at Cape Toi (都井岬ソテツ自生地 toimisaki sotetsu jiseichi)
2.10 Kushima, Miyazaki
31°21′54.78″N 131°20′24.03″E / 31.3652167°N 131.3400083°E / 31.3652167; 131.3400083
Mitrastema at Uchiumi (内海のヤッコソウ発生地 uchiumi no yakkosō hasseichi)
2.12 Mitrastema yamamotoi Miyazaki, Miyazaki
31°44′28.97″N 131°28′3.81″E / 31.7413806°N 131.4677250°E / 31.7413806; 131.4677250
Yakushima primeval cedar forest (屋久島スギ原始林 yakushima sugi genshirin)
2.2 Includes with the Jōmon Sugi, the oldest specimen of Cryptomeria japonica Yakushima, Kagoshima
30°19′40.23″N 130°31′23.06″E / 30.3278417°N 130.5230722°E / 30.3278417; 130.5230722
Kamō camphor tree (蒲生のクス kamō no kesu)
2.1 Height: 30 m (98 ft), circumference: 24 m (79 ft) Kamō, Kagoshima
31°45′44.38″N 130°34′11.77″E / 31.7623278°N 130.5699361°E / 31.7623278; 130.5699361
Origin of Kandelia obovata at Kiire (喜入のリュウキュウコウガイ産地 kiire no ryūkyōkōgai sanchi)
2.10 Kagoshima, Kagoshima
31°22′29.34″N 130°32′49.26″E / 31.3748167°N 130.5470167°E / 31.3748167; 130.5470167
Natural habitat of the sago palm in Kagoshima Prefecture (鹿児島県のソテツ自生地 kagoshimaken no sotetsu jiseichi)
2.10 Yamagawa, Bonotsu, Sata and Uchinoura, Kagoshima
31°21′13.09″N 130°42′15.64″E / 31.3536361°N 130.7043444°E / 31.3536361; 130.7043444
Cranes in Kagoshima Prefecture and their wintering place (鹿児島県のツルおよびその渡来地 kagoshimaken no tsuru oyobi sono toraichi)
1.2 Hooded cranes Izumi, Kagoshima
32°6′9.52″N 130°16′25.75″E / 32.1026444°N 130.2738194°E / 32.1026444; 130.2738194
Birōjima subtropical plant communities (枇榔島亜熱帯性植物群落 birōjima anettai seishokubutsugunraku)
2.2, 2.10 Shibushi, Kagoshima
31°25′45.3″N 131°7′1.89″E / 31.429250°N 131.1171917°E / 31.429250; 131.1171917
Shirouma mountain range alpine plant zone (白馬連山高山植物帯 shiroumarenzan kōzanshokubutsutai)
2.3 Asahi and Kurobe in Toyama; Hakuba in Nagano; Itoigawa in Niigata
36°38′56.9″N 137°44′55.73″E / 36.649139°N 137.7488139°E / 36.649139; 137.7488139
Ozegahara (尾瀬 oze)
4 Yunotani, Niigata; Katashina, Gunma; Hinoemata, Fukushima
36°56′33.93″N 139°13′59.41″E / 36.9427583°N 139.2331694°E / 36.9427583; 139.2331694
View from a mountain on a wide valley with light green areas bordered by dark green forest.
Short-tailed albatross (アホウドリ ahōdori)
1.2 Ogasawara Islands (Tokyo) and Okinawa A mainly white bird with some black feathers at the wings and some rust color around the neck and the back of the neck.
Amami rabbit (アマミノクロウサギ amami no kuro usagi)
1.1 Tokunoshima and Amami Ōshima, Kagoshima A stuffed rabbit.
Iriomote cat (イリオモテヤマネコ iriomote yamaneko)
1.1 Endemic to one island (Iriomote) Iriomote, Okinawa A stuffed cat.
Japanese giant salamander (オオサンショウウオ ōsanshōuo)
1.2 At up to 1.5 m (4 ft 11 in) length, the second largest salamander in the world[74] 11 prefectures, among others: Gifu, Mie, Hyōgo, Hiroshima, Shimane, Tottori, Ōita A red-brownish salamander with black spots under water.
Japanese serow (カモシカ kamoshika)
1.1 found on all main Japanese islands except for Hokkaidō 29 prefectures including Aomori Two lying goat-antelopes with black rumps and white heads.
Otter (カワウソ kawauso)
1.2 various A stuffed otter.
Crested serpent-eagle (カンムリワシ kanmuriwashi)
1.1 Okinawa O-kanmuriwashi.
Oriental stork (コウノトリ kō no tori)
1.2 Hyōgo and Fukui A black and white stork with red legs and a black beak.
Red-crowned crane (タンチョウ tanchō)
1.2 Hokkaidō A black and white crane with a red crown.
Crested ibis (トキ toki)
1.2 Niigata and Ishikawa A stuffed white ibis with red legs and face and a black beak.
Okinawa woodpecker (ノグチゲラ noguchigera)
1.1 Endemic to Okinawa Island Okinawa Island, Okinawa
Bonin white-eye (メグロ meguro)
1.1 Endemic to the Bonin Islands Bonin Islands, Tokyo
Rock ptarmigan (ライチョウ raichō)
1.2 Toyama, Nagano, Niigata, Yamanashi, Shizuoka, Gifu Two grouses with white lower part and brown upper part.
Long-tailed fowl of Tosa (土佐のオナガドリ tosa no onagadori)
1.4 Nankoku, Kōchi


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